The shoulder is a complex joint. In order for it to recover to its best function consistent rehabilitation is essential in order to obtain the optimal outcome after injury. It is important that this be carefully carried out under the supervision of a therapist.
Injuries to the shoulder can be very painful and this can cause difficulties with completing the required exercises. Stiffness can often occur after injury. A well supervised rehabilitation program can minimise the effect of this.
Before embarking on a rehabilitation program be sure that your therapist is aware of the nature and extent of the injury. Each shoulder needs specific rehabilitation based on the injury type and nature of surgery performed. In general a strengthening program should only be begun once the shoulder has a full range of motion.
As a starting point the exercises outlined below can be of benefit.